Inclusion

Inclusion

Cities in which barriers to entry for human capital are lower benefit from increased potential for new workers from outside the area. This fosters a diversity of ideas that facilitates mobilising resources to support entrepreneurial activity. An inclusive society also promotes freedom of expression, a factor of Inspiration.

CITY RANKINGS FOR Inclusion

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OVERALL RANK CATEGORY RANK

  • 1

    Cambridge

    Top 10 For Infrastructure Top 10 For Inclusion Top 10 For Inspiration Top 10 For Innovation
    3
  • 2

    London

    Top 10 For Infrastructure Top 10 For Interconnection Top 10 For Inclusion Top 10 For Inspiration Top 10 For Innovation Top 10 For Investment
    1
  • 3

    Barcelona

    Top 10 For Interconnection Top 10 For Inclusion Top 10 For Innovation
    14
  • 4

    Lausanne

    Top 10 For Infrastructure Top 10 For Inclusion Top 10 For Investment
    8
  • 5

    Basel

    Top 10 For Inclusion Top 10 For Inspiration
    9
  • 6

    Dublin

    Top 10 For Inclusion Top 10 For Innovation
    7
  • 7

    Munich

    Top 10 For Interconnection Top 10 For Inclusion Top 10 For Innovation Top 10 For Investment
    6
  • 8

    Zurich

    Top 10 For Infrastructure Top 10 For Inclusion Top 10 For Investment
    11
  • 9

    Edinburgh

    Top 10 For Inclusion Top 10 For Inspiration
    13
  • 10

    Madrid

    Top 10 For Inclusion
    20
Inclusion

HOW IS Inclusion CALCULATED?

  • Participation

    Indicators related to the level of grassroots activity across demographics

  • Diversity

    A composite of demographic indicators

  • Manoeuvrability

    Ability to travel around a city

  • International diversity & spending power

    Given that there is generally a positive correlation between a city's cost of living and apparent attractiveness, spending power indicators are used to capture relative affordability

Impact on Investability

Inclusion serves to make a city more attractive to a wider cohort of firms and individuals, increasing real estate demand and quality of living. To the extent that Inclusion supports entrepreneurialism and Innovation, it encourages less economic volatility and spurs demand for office and research space. Associated increases in wealth and purchasing power are also key drivers of commercial real estate demand.